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General Purpose Input/Outputs (GPIO)

Introduction#

The GPIO(General-Purpose I/O Port) is composed of four physical GPIO blocks, each corresponding to an individual GPIO port(PORT A, PORT B, PORT C, PORT D). The GPIO supports up to 53 programmable input/output pins, depending on the peripherals being used.

Features#

The GPIO peripheral consists of the following feature.

  • GPIO_DATAOUT can SET/CLEAR by the SET register and CLEAR register.(1 for set and 0 for clear)
  • Mask registers allow treating sets of port bits as a group leaving other bits unchanged.
  • Up to 53 GPIOs, depending on configuration
  • Programmable control for GPIO interrupts
  • Interrupt generation masking
  • Edge-triggered on rising, falling, or both

Functional description#

The below Figure shows the operation sequences available for the GPIO. The pad alternate function is using the pad alternate function select register. Refer to โ€˜Alternate Function Controller (AFC)โ€™ for more details about each register. The pad control supports pull-down, pull-up, input buffer, and summit trigger input buffer. Refer to โ€˜Pad Controller (PADCON)โ€™ for more details about each register.

Masked access#

The masked access feature permits individual bits or multiple bits to be read from or written to in a single transfer. This avoids software-based read-modify-write operations that are not thread safe. With the masked access operations, the 16-bit I/O is divided into two halves, lower byte and upper byte. The bit mask address spaces are defined as two arrays each containing 256 words.

For example, to set bits[1:0] to 1 and clear bits[7:6] in a single operation, users can carry out the write to the lower byte mask access address space. The required bit mask is 0xC3, and users can write the operation as MASKLOWBYTE[0xC3] = 0x03.

To update some of the bits in the upper eight bits of the GPIO port, users can use the MASKHIGHBYTE array as Figure below.


Peripheral_Examples#